One region is nearly entirely covered by water and glaciers in the Arctic. This region makes up 20% of the Earth’s freshwater. Along with ermines and wolverines, narwhals are found here as well.
With the melting of the polar ice caps due to global warming, it appears that there is now a visible effect on its ecosystem. However, with no international treaty to protect the natural habitat, it has been susceptible to economic development.
Environmentalists are fighting for strict international regulations to protect the Arctic and the surrounding waters. The varying areas of territory in the Arctic Circle from countries will depend on whether or not it is proven or exploratory for oil.
The lawsuit argued that the government’s activities would harm the Sami people and their way of life. Bjoern Lasse Erikksen, an activist for Arctic indigenous Sami people, said that this activity might affect fisheries and jeopardize their lives. The case formed a precedent for future action as activists argued that the judge’s decision was standard.
The impact of oil drilling on marine life
As businesses increasingly put their money into new technology that allows for oil drilling below the sea, uncertainties about dwindling fish stocks began in the mid-’90s. As an arctic habitat imperative, the business should preserve seafloor habitats to allow for fish populations and to continue human and animal species’ survival.
One of the impacts of oil spills occurs when these marine animals’ breathing is blocked and communication is impeded. The oil slowly kills these species by making them more prone to hypothermia.
One of the most severe consequences caused by oil spills is how it harms marine ecosystems and animals. Every species living in its natural habitat and mating area is affected by an oil spill. The effects on sea turtles are especially devastating.
Who is drilling in the Arctic?
The oil industry has been active in the Arctic region for some time, with major players like Shell and ExxonMobil continuing to look for new opportunities. Production already began in northern Russia just before the operational deadline.
Cost is a concern in whether it’s best to drill for oil in arctic ice. These actions involve constructing expensive infrastructure, which could provide a higher return elsewhere.