India’s National Language Debate

The 2011 census tells that in the past two decades, Hindi became India’s fastest-growing language. In this period, there was an increase of 100 million people who spoke Hindi i.e. 25.19%.A hundred million people consider Hindi their mother tongue, and at the same time, there has been an increase in the number of speakers from Bengali and Gujarati.


The Hindi language is spoken by about 520 million people in India, with Bengali being the second language.Marathi is the third most-spoken language and Telugu is said to be number three.Hindi and English are our official languages, but the differences between these two languages have been in place since before independence.

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In 1937, a movement against Hindi was seen in the Madras Presidency. At that time there was talk of teaching Hindi in the South at the behest of the Indian National Congress. People protested for almost three years and protests also turned violent several times.Lord Erskine of Madras later withdrew his decision on this issue and when independence happened, English remained the official language for a few years, but several attempts were made to keep Hindi as the only language.

In 1963, Nehru enacted the Official Language Act of India which states that Hindi and English are the official languages. Fearing of dilution of this Act, protests from South India were reported again in 1965, But then PM Indira Gandhi assured or guaranteed not to do so in 1967.

East Pakistan was part of British India and through a series of events the people in East Pakistan used their language as a separation point. An example is when East Pakistan transformed into Bangladesh In 1971, a new country named Bangladesh was created in South Asia with the driving force of language. The people in East Pakistan preferred their Bengali language to Urdu, whereas the people of West Pakistan wanted everyone in Pakistan to use Urdu.


East Pakistan diverse culture and society were a driving cause for the Bangladesh Independence Movement, of which the result is a separate nation: Bangladesh. However, it can also be argued that India would be unified into one language, giving people less of an identity. Just remember how beautiful India is with all the diversity, rather than any uniformity.


At the same time, Hindi is not the national language of India but an official language. None of the languages India was ever meant to be a nation-wide language, so there’s no reason why they should be allowed to divide country on that basis.

Written by reportic feed

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